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  • #361692
    anita
    Participant

    – Thank you, patricia.

    anita

    #361884
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    Worldometer: almost 14 million cases worldwide, almost 600 thousands deaths worldwide, about 5 million active cases worldwide, of which 99% are in mild condition, and 1% is in serious or critical condition.

    Almost 3.7 million cases are in the US, and over 140 thousand deaths. Almost 72 thousand new cases yesterday, July 15 (second highest since the beginning of the pandemic), and 1,001 deaths yesterday (highest was 2,748 deaths on April 21)

    Almost 2 million cases in Brazil, and more than 75 thousand deaths. More than 39 thousand new cases, and 1,261 deaths yesterday.

    Over 1 million cases in India, and over 25 thousand deaths. More than 32 thousand new cases yesterday (the highest number of new cases reported since the beginning of the pandemic), and 614 deaths yesterday.

    Within the US, New York, with more cases and deaths than any other US state, with over 430 thousand cases and over 32 thousand deaths, has flattened the curve, reporting 999 new cases and 33 deaths yesterday (the highest number of cases was 11,661 on April 15, and the highest number of deaths was 1,025 on April 17).

    California, with more than 350 thousand cases and over 7 thousand deaths, reported almost 10 thousand new cases yesterday, more than any other day since the pandemic began, and 126 deaths yesterday (highest number of deaths was 150 on July 8).

    Florida, with over 300 thousand cases and over 4 thousand deaths, reported more than 10 thousand new cases yesterday (highest was more than 15 thousand new cases on July 12), and 112 new deaths yesterday (highest was 132 on July 14).

    Texas, with almost 300 thousand cases and over 3 thousand deaths, reported over 12 thousand new cases yesterday (highest number since the pandemic started), and 154 new deaths yesterday (also, the highest number since the pandemic started).

    New Jersey, with less than 200 thousand cases and over 15 thousand deaths, like New York, has flattened the curve, reporting 321 new cases and 43 new deaths yesterday.

    Other states whose active case numbers are rising: Arizona, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Utah.

    msn. com/ en-us/ health/ medical/ dr fauci says this is where covid-19 could strike next (July 16): “This week, as many states are breaking records in not only the number of new Covid-19 infections but hospitalizations and deaths, the nation’s top infectious disease expert is increasingly concerned… ‘We’ve got to figure out, how can we get our control over this now, and, looking forward, how can we make sure that next month, we don’t have another example  of California, Texas, Florida, and Arizona, because those are hot zones now, and I’m looking at the map, saying we got to make sure it doesn’t happen in other states.’ He also added that the surge of cases was ‘inevitable’ as ‘pictures and photos and films of people at bars with no masks, congregating in crowds’ starting emerging.

    msn. com/ en- us/ health/ medical/ can you get infected with Covid-19 twice experts say possibility is certainly real (July 16): “Recovery from the disease provides antibodies to fight off the infection. The shelf life of those antibodies, however, may be insufficient to protect a patient for very long or promote  long-term immunity across populations…

    “work on other coronaviruses demonstrated people were just as likely to be reinfected a year later as people who were never infected. Studies show Covid-19 antibodies declining in all patients after two months and becoming negative in a high percentage of patients.. ‘It’s concerning for those of us who hope this virus is just a one-and-done for our patients,’ Griffin said.

    “blood tests revealed that while 60% of people presented a ‘potent’ antibody response while battling the virus, only 17% retained that potency three months later… which could prove the death  knell for the hope of herd immunity through a one-shot vaccine”.

    anita

     

    #361955
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    Worldometer: Over 14 million cases worldwide, very close to 600 thousand deaths worldwide, over 5 million active cases worldwide, 99% the infected are in  mild condition.

    Over 3.7 million cases and over 141 thousand deaths are in the US. Over 73 thousand new cases yesterday, July 16 (the highest ever since the beginning of the pandemic), and 963 deaths yesterday (39 fewer deaths than yesterday, highest was over 2.7 thousand deaths on April 21).

    Within the US, in California, over 9 thousand new cases and 129 deaths were reported yesterday. In Florida, almost 14 thousand new cases and 156 deaths were reported (the highest number of daily deaths so far in the pandemic). In Texas, over 10 thousand new cases, and 134 deaths were reported yesterday.

    Almost 44 thousand new cases and 1,299 deaths were reported yesterday in Brazil, both are increases from yesterday’s numbers. In India, more than 35 new cases (the highest daily number of cases since the beginning of the pandemic) and 680 deaths were reported yesterday.

    msn. com/ en-us / news/ us/ people are dying this is real doctors nurses who helped new York warn their home states (July 17): “Medical professionals from across the country rushed to New York City when it became the center of the pandemic in the U.S. in March and April, but now they are alarmed by what they’re seeing in their own backyards as their home states report record numbers of cases. Almost 1 in 5 new cases of coronavirus reported around the world one day this week came from just three U.S. States- Texas, Florida and California…

    “Ivette Palomeque, a nurse in Houston, also volunteered at Elmhurst Hospital during the peak in New York. ‘It was definitely overwhelming, nothing like any health care provider has seen in their lifetime,’ she said. ‘I’ve seen death constantly, I’ve seen death frequently, but to this magnitude?… Palomeque said of Texans who weren’t practicing social distancing or wearing masks: ‘I really wish they would’ve had a chance to see what I saw and experience what I experienced trying to take care of these people.. It’s really disheartening to see so many people just not wearing a mask, not even caring, and it’s just, like, I don’t understand”. Her message: Please wear your mask. People are dying. This is real.”

    “Counties in Texas and Arizona have requested refrigerated trucks to use as makeshift morgues as the numbers of deaths have continued to rise, replicating disturbing images seen in New York City during its coronavirus peak”.

    msn. com/ en-us/ news/ us/ can kids spread the coronavirus conclusively without a doubt yes experts say (July 17):

    “As school districts around the country begin to reveal reopening guidelines for when students return to classrooms in the fall, many parents are concerned about how the coronavirus could impact their children.. A compilation of studies and articles published in JAMA Pediatrics found most patients under the age of 18 with Covid-19, the illness caused by SARS-CoV-2, tend to have mild symptoms and fully recover within one to two weeks- quicker than most adults.. While this may alleviate some concerns, medical experts say parents shouldn’t let their guard down. Children can still be carriers of the virus and facilitate spread in their communities… The trend is consistent with data from Florida. About one-third of children tested in the state for Covid-19 returned positive results which is higher than the overall statewide positivity rate of 11%..

    “Covid-19 symptoms in children are much milder than adults.. The most common symptoms among children are cough, shortness of breath and fever… Sometimes children have a loss of appetite or vomiting- or they don’t exhibit any symptom at all… fewer than half a percent of children who are infected with the coronavirus have died. Data from the spring also showed infected children under the age of 19 made up only 5% of total infections. She notes this may be because children haven’t had the chance to socialize the way adults have since schools were closed early on in the pandemic.

    anita

    #362020
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    Worldometer: over 14 million cases worldwide, over 600 thousand deaths worldwide; over 3.7 million cases and over 142 thousand deaths in the US.

    Just under 75 thousand new cases yesterday, July 17, in the US, the highest number so far in the pandemic (the graph of daily new cases and the graph of active cases are still on the way up, going to heights that were never seen before since the beginning of the pandemic in March, four months ago). There were 946 deaths in the US yesterday (2,748 was the highest number of deaths per day, and that was April 21).

    * There were just over 23 thousand new daily cases and 822 daily deaths on March 30 (close to the number of deaths on July 17). It took 22 days to arrive at 26 thousand new daily cases, and the highest number of daily deaths on April 21.

    Within the US, Florida reported 11,466 new cases yesterday, July 17, its third highest number since the pandemic began, and 128 deaths. California reported 9,608 new cases yesterday, its second highest number since the pandemic began, and 122 deaths. Texas reported 9,496 new cases yesterday, its 8th highest number, and 162 deaths, its highest number of daily deaths in all of the pandemic.

    Brazil reported 33,959 new cases yesterday, and 1,110 deaths yesterday. India reported 34,820 new cases yesterday (its 2nd highest number so far), and 676 deaths. Mexico reported 6,406 new cases and 668 new deaths yesterday.

    Almost 44 thousand new cases and 1,299 deaths were reported yesterday in Brazil, both are increases from yesterday’s numbers. In India, more than 35 new cases (the highest daily number of cases since the beginning of the pandemic) and 680 deaths were reported yesterday.

    msn. com/ en- us/ news/ us/ reports white house has blocked cdc director Redfield and other officials from testifying on school reopenings (July 18):

    “Washington- The White House has blocked Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Robert Redfield from testifying before congress next week on how to safely reopen schools amid the ongoing coronavirus pandemic… It is alarming that the Trump administration is preventing the CDC from appearing before the Committee at a time when its expertise and guidance is so critical for the health and safety of students, parents, and educators.. The administration’s strategy of prioritizing politics over science has had a devastating impact on our country throughout the pandemic…The original CDC recommendations on in-school practices called for wearing face masks, separating desks.. Trump has threatened to ‘cut off funding’ if schools don’t reopen their classrooms this fall”-

    My note: Trump wants the schools to reopen while infections and deaths are increasing, while the flattening of the curve for the US hasn’t begun,  because he believes that he has a better chance to get reelected as president for a second term (Nov this year) if schools reopen. So, he threatened to stop federal money from going to schools if they don’t reopen. He is a bully who practices bullying strategies as the president of this great country.

    The US has the great misfortune of having a president who is unintelligent, uneducated, ignorant, selfish and self centered, and bully, a man whose only concern is his own interests. He has no concern for the welfare of people other than himself.

    When I first heard him months ago, saying that the pandemic will soon be over, I felt a much needed relief, even though it was he who was talking. I felt better, I almost liked him at that time because denial of danger feels good, it is comforting to hear things like: we are handling it, we have it under control, it will be over soon, it will be a distant memory soon, and.. it isn’t really happening.

    But it is happening. And action has to be taken to confront what is really happening.

    msn. com/ en- us/ news/ us/ it’s not only coronavirus cases that are rising now covid deaths are too (July 18):

    “For weeks this summer, it was a seeming paradox of the coronavirus pandemic: cases in the United States were rising but deaths were falling. To the Trump administration, this was evidence that its strategy for combating covid-19 was working. To medical experts, it was  only a matter of time before the trajectory changed. And now it has. Nationwide, deaths have begun to rise again… As a virus- scarred summer wears on, public health specialists say the numbers are almost certain to continue to climb…

    “Public health experts have long said that the death count is a lagging indicator- with patients typically taking two to three weeks after diagnosis to succumb.. States where numbers are surging will have to take dramatically more aggressive action if they, too, want to bend the fatality curve, experts say.

    States where numbers are surging will have to take dramatically more aggressive action if they, too, want to bend the fatality curve, experts say.”

    msn. com/ en- us/ health/ medical/ why more young people are getting sick in the latest covid-19  outbreaks (July 18):

    “At the beginning of the coronavirus outbreak in the US, most Covid-19 cases seemed to be in older folks, who were getting very sick.. But now, especially in states where Covid-19 cases have been rising in June and July, the median age has been dropping. We are seeing it in a much younger group, of 20- to 40- years olds… In Florida.. the median age of positive cases in March was 65. As of July 17, the median age of new cases from the previous 14 days was 39.5. In Arizona, 61 percent of Covid-19 cases are in people under the age of 45. In Texas’s two largest counties.. about half of the new cases have been in people under 40… In California, which just reclosed bards and indoor dining, as of July 15, people ages 18 to 34 made up the largest proportion of new cases (24.3 percent), with 35- to 49 year olds as the second-largest group (19.3 percent of new cases)…

    “Younger people, on average, are less likely to become severely ill and die of Covid-19- although many do. They can also spread it to  older people who are much more vulnerable to severe infections and death. This seems to already be happening, with assisted living facility cases climbing in Houston and Phoenix, as well as in Florida now.”

    anita

     

    #362087
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    Worldometer: Almost 14.5 million cases worldwide, over 600 thousands death worldwide; approaching 4 million cases and 143 thousand deaths in the US.

    Just over 63 thousand new cases and 813 new deaths (roughly a third of the highest number of daily deaths, which was on April 21) were reported yesterday, July 18,  in the US.

    Within the US, Florida reported 10,328 new cases and 93 new deaths yesterday, California reported 8,806 new cases and 91 new deaths yesterday. Texas reported 7,945 new cases and 75 new deaths yesterday.

    Brazil reported 26,549 new cases and 885 new deaths yesterday. India reported 37,407 new cases yesterday (the highest number so far throughout the pandemic) and 543 new deaths.

    A brief history of the pandemic, from Wikipedia Covid-19 Pandemic: The first reports of the current almost 14.5 million global Covid-19 cases and over 600 thousand global deaths took place on December 31, 2019, six months and 19 days ago, when “the World Health Organization (WHO) got reports from health authorities in China of a cluster of viral pneumonia cases of unknown cause in Wuhan, Hubei, and an investigation was launched at the start of January 2020”.

    As a result of that investigation, on January 30, 2020, the WHO declared the outbreak a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern”. At the time there were 7,818 thousand confirmed cases globally, affecting 19 countries. The first confirmed death was in Wuhan on January 9, and the first death outside of China occurred on February 1 in the Philippines. On February 25, the WHO declared “the world should do more to prepare for a possible coronavirus pandemic”, stating that while it was too  early to call it a pandemic, countries should be “in a phase of preparedness.” On February 28, WHO officials said the coronavirus threat assessment at the global level would be raised from “high” to “very  high”. On March 11, the WHO declared the coronavirus outbreak a pandemic.

    On January 31, Italy had its first confirmed cases, two tourists from China. As of March 13, the WHO considered Europe the active center of the pandemic. On March 19, Italy overtook China as the country with the most reported deaths. By March 26, the United States overtook China and Italy with the highest number of confirmed cases in the world, and since then to this very day, July 19, the United States is still the number 1 country as far as the number of Covid-19 cases and deaths. Research indicates that the majority of Covid-19 cases in New York came from European travelers.

    anita

     

    #362293
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    Worldometer(July 21): Almost 15 million cases worldwide, over 615 thousand deaths worldwide; very close to 4 million cases, and over 144 thousand deaths in the US. Almost 63 thousand new cases and 545 new deaths were reported in the US yesterday, July 20.

    Within the US, Florida reported over 10 thousand new cases and 90 new deaths yesterday, California reported close to 9 thousand new cases and 56 new deaths, and Texas reported close to 8 thousand new cases and 118 new deaths yesterday.

    Brazil reported close to 22 thousand new cases and 718 new deaths yesterday, and India reported close to 37 thousand new cases and 596 new deaths yesterday.

    msn. com/ en- us/ health/ medical/ how deadly is covid-19 researchers are getting closer to an answer (July 21):

    “research.. suggests that Covid-19 kills around 0.3% to 1.5% of people  infected. Most studies put the rate between 0.5% and 1.0%, meaning that for every 1,000 people who get infected, from five to 10 would die on average.

    “The estimates suggest the new coronavirus is deadlier than the seasonal flu, though not as lethal as Ebola and other infectious diseases that have emerged in recent years. The coronavirus is killing more people than the deadlier diseases, however, in part because it is more infectious.. Covid is very contagious.. It’s the combination of the fatality rate and the infectiousness that make this such a dangerous disease… The fatality rate for an individual varies, sometimes markedly, depending on factors such as age, sex and the presence of pre-existing medical conditions, studies show… Researchers in the U.S. and Switzerland.. found those over 65 had an infection-fatality rate of 5.6%- 40 times the risk of someone in their 50s.

    “Quality and access to health care and treatment could shift the mortality rate.. An infection-fatality rate of roughly 0.6% is six times greater than the 0.1% estimate for seasonal influenza, which is based on CDC data. Though researchers point out .. flu estimate doesn’t take asymptomatic cases into account.

    “Diseases such as SARS.. MERS.. and Ebola are much deadlier, with case fatality rates ranging from roughly 10% to 50%. There have been far fewer deaths from those diseases than the new coronavirus and even the seasonal flu because they aren’t nearly as infectious or widespread. SARS and MERS have killed 774 and 858 people, respectively. More than 11,300 people have died from Ebola.

    “Also, many doctors worry Covid-19 might result in longer-term complications for some patients, especially those who have spent weeks in the hospital before being discharged. ‘There’s this narrative I think a lot of people have that you get the disease and you die, or you’re fine. And that’s not true,’ Dr. Toner said. ‘There’s a large range of health-care consequences for people who get severely ill, not just death.'”

    msn. com/ en- us/ health/ medical/ most people with severe coronavirus can’t get rid of these 2 symptoms (July 20):

    “Leaving the hospital after recovering from Covid-19 is certainly a cause for celebration. But a new study suggests that more than half of patients continue to suffer from multiple symptoms of the trauma caused by the SARS-Cov2 coronavirus for weeks after they’ve been discharged… most of them were still dealing with two symptoms in particular: extreme tiredness and labored breathing.

    “The study tracked 143 patients, ages 19 to 84, who spent an average of two weeks in a Rome hospital; one fifth of them needed ventilation support. Five weeks after being sent home, more than half of the patients (53%) reported fatigue and nearly half (43%) were still experiencing shortness of breath. The next two most common symptoms among the patients were joint pain (27%) and chest pain (nearly 22%), according to the study. Only 13% were completely free of Covid symptoms..

    “but researchers aren’t necessarily surprised at the long recovery period. After the 2003 SARS outbreak, a study published in JAMA International Medicine found that some survivors interviewed four years after recovery still experienced chronic fatigue. ‘The harsh reality is that many patients continue to experience lingering symptoms for weeks and months after being diagnosed with and ‘recovering’ from Covid-19,’ Robert Glatter, MD, emergency medicine physician at New York City’s Lenox Hill Hospital, told HealthDay. ‘While this small (Italian) study found that fatigue and shortness of breath were the two most common symptoms, many people also experience many other lingering symptoms including low-grade fevers, and neurological symptoms such as numbness and tingling.’

    “Some researchers believe that the ongoing health problems may be due to chronic inflammation as the body’s immune system continues to attack the viral infection.”

    anita

     

    #362394
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    Worldometer (July 22): over 15 million cases worldwide, over 622 thousand deaths worldwide.

    Over 4 million cases and over 145 thousand deaths in the US; over 67 thousand new cases and 1,119 deaths yesterday, July 21-  the highest number of deaths per day in (what seems to me) this second wave of the pandemic in the US.

    The highest number of deaths per day in (what seems to me) the first wave of the pandemic was 2,748 deaths on April 1. As I see it, April 1 was the peak of the death count during the first wave of the US pandemic (epicenter: New York City with most of the 32,609 deaths in New York), and July 21, is the peak of the death count- so far- during the current, second wave of the pandemic (epicenter, seems to me: Los Angeles County with 4,154  of the 7,891 total deaths in California).

    Within the US, yesterday, California reported over 10 thousand new cases yesterday (the highest number of daily new cases since the beginning of the pandemic) and 120 new deaths, Texas reported almost 10 thousand new cases and 118 new deaths, and Florida reported less than 10 thousand new cases and 132 new deaths yesterday.

    Brazil, with more than 2 million cases and more than 81 thousand deaths (a bit higher than the death count in California), reported more than 44 thousand new cases and 1,346 new deaths yesterday, in what seems to be its still  ongoing first wave of the pandemic.

    India, with more than 1 million cases  and more than 29 thousand deaths reported over 39 thousand new cases (second highest in this ongoing first wave of the pandemic) and 671 new deaths yesterday.

    anita

    #362475
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    Worldometer (July 23): Over 15.5 million cases and over 632 thousand deaths worldwide.

    Over 4 million cases and over 146 thousand deaths in the US; almost 72 new cases and 1,205 new deaths yesterday, July 22.

    Within the U.S yesterday, California reported over 12 thousand new cases (the highest number during the pandemic) and 156 new deaths (also the highest number during the pandemic)- California wave of infections and deaths (both) was at its highest yesterday, July 22.

    Texas reported over 10.5 thousand new cases yesterday, and 202 new deaths (the highest number so during the pandemic),and Florida reported less than 10 thousand new cases and 140 new deaths yesterday.

    Brazil reported over 65 new cases yesterday (the highest number during the pandemic), and 1,293 new deaths. India reported over 45.5 thousand new cases yesterday (the highest number during the pandemic), and 1,120 new deaths (a sharp increase from yesterday).

    Here are parts of what I posted regarding the pandemic in previous threads I started and in this one:

    Coronaviruses are a group of related viruses that cause respiratory tract infections in mammals and in birds. In humans, 7 coronaviruses have been identified, including the most recent, SARS-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), which is responsible for the current pandemic.

    In humans, currently, coronaviruses cause the common cold (in combination with other viruses), as well as Covid-19.

    SARS stands for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (contained, no longer ongoing), was caused by SARS-Coronavirus (SARS-CoV). The SARS outbreak of Nov 2002-July 2002 started in Southern China, spread to Hong Kong, producing most of the 8,098 cases and 774 deaths in these two countries, and spreading just a bit to 15 other countries before being declared contained by WHO on July 5, 2003.

    MERS stands for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (not contained but has been considered a fairly low risk to the global population) was caused by MERS-Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). This outbreak started in 2012 in Saudi Arabia, spreading beyond the Middle East to South Korea, causing under 2 thousand cases.

    The common cold affects the upper respiratory tract. It is the most frequent infectious disease in humans. The average adult gets 2-3 colds per year while the average child gets 6-8, and infections occur more commonly during the winter. People usually recover in 7-10 days, but some symptoms may last up to 3 weeks. Occasionally those with other health problems may develop pneumonia. There is no vaccine or cure for the common cold. The primary methods of prevention are the same as those for preventing Covid-19: handwashing, not touching the eyes, nose or mouth with unwashed hands, and staying away from sick people.

    Influenza, commonly know as the flu, is caused by 4 types of influenza viruses, not by coronaviruses. Symptoms can be mild to severe. Complications may include viral pneumonia, secondary bacterial pneumonia and worsening of previous health  problems such as asthma and heart failure. It spreads through the air from coughs or sneezes, and by touching surfaces contaminated by the virus and then touching the eyes, nose or mouth. Yearly vaccinations are recommended by the WHO for those at high risk. A vaccine made for one year may not be useful in the following year because the flu viruses evolve rapidly. Influenza spreads around the world in yearly out, resulting in about 3-5 million severe cases and about 290 thousands to 650 thousands deaths globally ever year. About 20% of unvaccinated children and 10% of unvaccinated adults are infected each year. Death occurs mostly in high risk groups: the young, the old, and those with other health problems. In the 20th century, 3 influenza pandemics occurred: The Spanish Influenza of 1918 resulting in 17-100 million deaths, The Asian Influenza on 1957 resulting in about 2 million deaths, and The Hong Kong Influenza of 1968 resulting in about 1 million deaths. In the 21st century, The Swine Flu pandemic occurred in 2009, caused by a new influenza virus strain called H1N1.

    Approximately 33% of people  with influenza are asymptomatic. It can be difficult to distinguish between common cold and influenza in the early stages. As the disease progresses, symptoms become more severe.

    The current pandemic was declared a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern on Jan 11, 2020 by WHO, and a pandemic on March 11, 2020.

    The Basic Reproduction Number of a virus is equal to how many new people get infected as a result of contact with one infected individual in a population that is not vaccinated or otherwise immune. The number is a result of the inherent infectiousness of the virus itself and how people behave. Quarantines, lockdowns, social distancing and wearing masks lower the Basic Reproduction Number of a virus.

    In March 19, there were 250 thousand global cases (over 15.5 millions today, an increase of 62 times), and there were 10 thousand deaths at the time (over 632 thousand deaths today, an increase of 63 times). At the time, March 19, China was still the epicenter of the pandemic. Italy was #2. The USA at the time had 11,355 cases and 171 deaths (over 4 million cases and over 146 thousand deaths today).

    anita

     

    #362694
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    Worldometer (July 25): Over 16 million cases and over 643 thousand deaths worldwide (an increase of roughly half a million cases and 11 thousand deaths since two days ago).

    Over 78 thousand new cases (the highest number in all of the pandemic) and 1,141 new deaths in the US,  yesterday, July 24.

    Within the US yesterday, California now has almost 443 thousand cases, more cases than any other state (More cases than in New York, but roughly a quarter of  NY’s deaths), more than 10.5 thousand new cases and 135 new deaths yesterday. Florida reported more than 12 thousand new cases and 133 new deaths yesterday, and Texas reported more than 8.5 thousand new cases and 170 new deaths yesterday.

    Yesterday, Brazil reported over 58 thousand new cases (an increase of 23 thousand new cases from 2 days ago) and 1,178 new deaths (an increase of 885 new deaths from 2 days ago).

    India reported almost 49 thousand new cases yesterday (a record number, the highest number of new cases during the whole pandemic), and 761 new deaths.

    msn. com/ en- us/ news/ world/ record numbers of coronavirus cases in every global region reuters tally (Saturday, July 25):

    “Almost 40 countries haver reported single-day increases in coronavirus infections overt the past week, around double the number that did so the previous week.. The rate of cases has been increasing not only in countries like the United States, Brazil and India, which have dominated global headlines with large outbreaks, but in Australia, Japan, Hong Kong, Bolivia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Bulgaria, Belgium, Uzbekistan and Israel, among others.

    “Many countries, especially those where officials eased earlier social distancing lockdowns, are experiencing a second peak more than a month after recording their first… The Reuters data, compiled from official reports, shows a steady rise in the number of countries reporting record daily increases in the virus that causes Covid-19 over the past month… The true numbers of both cases and deaths are almost certainly underreported, particularly in countries with poorer health care systems, health experts and officials say… A surge in cases usually precedes a rise in deaths by a couple of weeks.

    “The United States remains at the top of the case list.. Brazil and India- which epidemiologists say is still likely months from hitting its peak- have also exceeded 1 million cases… In Australia, officials enforced a six-week partial lockdown and made face masks mandatory for residents in the country’s second- largest city,  Melbourne, after a fresh outbreak. Australia and Japan, which also posted a daily case record this week, both warned of a rise in infections among young people, many of whom celebrated the end of social restrictions at bars and parties.

    “In Mexico, which also posted a daily record this week and has the fourth- highest death toll of any country, officials warned that a downward trend in case numbers that began in mid-June- about the time the city began relaxing social distancing measures- could reverse..  in Europe, where the summer season is in full swing, a new daily record figure in Spain is likely to deter tourists from visiting one of the continents most popular destinations. In Africa, Kenya recorded a record high daily case number less than two weeks after reopening activity, including domestic passenger flights.”

    anita

    #362703
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    Summary and some editing of my posts in my previous thread on Covid-19:

    The official name of the disease behind this pandemic is COVID-19, an acronym for Coronavirus Disease- 2019 (I personally type “Covid-19”). The official name of the virus causing the disease is SARS-Cov-2, an acronym for Severe Acute Respiratory Disease Corona Virus 2.

    As the name suggests, it is a Severe and Acute respiratory disease.

    There are currently 7 known coronaviruses that infect humans, all of them attack the respiratory system. A few are mild, others are severe. They differ in how contagious they are (their basic reproductive number, R0 is different; Ro means how many healthy individuals get infected by one infected individual, an Ro of 2 means that each infected individual infects two others) and how deadly they are (mortality rate/ fatality rate).

    The first two coronaviruses that attack humans  were discovered in the 1960s, and both cause the common cold (in combination with other viruses). A third coronavirus was discovered in 2003 in China, and it was responsible for the first of the two SARS outbreaks 2002-2003, 8,422 cases spread to 17 countries. The second outbreak developed to our current pandemic, over 16 million cases today, July 25). SARS-Cov, the coronavirus responsible for the first SARS outbreak was less contagious, and more deadly (11% fatality rate). The current SARS-Cov-2 is way more contagious, and therefore, over time, way more deadly.

    MERS-Cov is the virus behind the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)  outbreak of 2012 in the middle east, having spread to South Korea and a bit elsewhere, total under 2,000 cases. MERS-Cov was more deadly than SARS-Cov and way more deadly than SARS-Cov-2 (36% fatality rate). But it was way less contagious than our current SARS-Cov-2, and therefore, the latter, over time, is more deadly.

    Smallpox (Ro= 3.5-6), Mumps (Ro= 4-7), Rubella (Ro= 5-7), Polio (Ro= 5-7) and Measles (Ro 12-18) are all  more contagious than SARS-Cov-2 (Ro= 1.4-3.9). The reason for the current virus being as successful as it is (that is, being as destructive to us humans, as it is), is that it got out of hand, meaning, too many people in different areas in the world were infected: a lot of people infected with a virus of a lower R0, bring about many more infected individuals, than a small number of people infected with a virus with a higher Ro.

    Another factor that influences how infectious a virus is, is the method by which it gets transferred from one individual to the next. Viruses that get transferred by body having sexual intercourse are less contagious than viruses that get transferred by breathing/ through the air (we can avoid sexual intercourse, but we can’t avoid breathing). Of the viruses that are transferred through the air, those that transfer in bigger droplets of liquid are less contagious than those transferred in very small droplets aka airborne viruses, because bigger droplets respond to gravity and fall down way sooner than very small droplets that remain suspended in the air for a long, long time.

    Regarding the viral diseases I mentioned above, those with high R0s-  there are effective vaccines for all thee, but none yet for SARS-Cov-2.

    -Summary and editing to continue later.

    anita

    • This reply was modified 2 weeks ago by anita.
    #362707
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    I want to clean up my above post/ edit it so to correct mistakes:

    The official name of the disease behind the current pandemic is COVID-19, an acronym for Coronavirus Disease- 2019 (I personally type “Covid-19”). The official name of the virus causing the disease is SARS-Cov-2, an acronym for Severe Acute Respiratory Disease Corona Virus 2.

    There are currently 7 known coronaviruses that infect humans, all of them attack the respiratory system, a few are mild, others are severe. They differ in how contagious they are (their basic reproductive number, R0 is different. Ro is number indicating how many healthy individuals get infected by one infected individual, ex.:  An Ro of 2 indicates that one infected individual proceeds to infect two healthy individuals). Viruses also differ in how deadly they are (their mortality/ fatality rates are different).

    The first two coronaviruses that attack humans  were discovered in the 1960s, and both cause the common cold (in combination with other viruses).

    Another coronavirus (SARS-Cov) was discovered in 2003 in China, and it was responsible for the first SARS outbreak of 2002-20038,422 cases, spread to 17 countries. The seventh known coronavirus (SARS-Cov-2) is responsible for the current, ongoing second SARS outbreak turned pandemic, December 2019- (?) over 16 million cases today, July 25, and growing.

    SARS-Cov had a lower Ro and a higher mortality rate (11%) than the current SARS-Cov-2.

    MERS-Cov is the coronavirus behind the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)  outbreak of 2012 in the middle east, having spread to South Korea and a bit elsewhere, total under 2,000 cases.

    MERS-Cov had a lower R0 than SARS-Cov-2, and a higher mortality rate (36%) than both SARS-Cov and SARS-Cov-2. But it was way less contagious than our current SARS-Cov-2, and therefore, the latter, over time, is more deadly.

    Smallpox (Ro= 3.5-6), Mumps (Ro= 4-7), Rubella (Ro= 5-7), Polio (Ro= 5-7) and Measles (Ro 12-18) are all  more contagious than SARS-Cov-2 (Ro= 1.4-3.9). The reason for SAR-Cov-2 being as deadly as it is, is that too many people in different areas in the world were infected: more people die when a much higher number of people get infected with a lower R0 virus, than when a significantly lower number of people get infected with a higher R0 virus.

    Another factor that influences how infectious a virus is- is the method by which it gets transferred from one individual to the next. Some viruses are transferred from one individual to the next by sexual intercourse. At any one time, only two people are engaged in sexual intercourse and people normally don’t have sexual intercourse all day and all night long. But at any one time, more than 2 people share the air, and we do breathe all day and all night long. (Also, t is possible to avoid sexual intercourse, but it is impossible to avoid breathing).

    Of the viruses that are transferred through the air, those that are transferred in bigger droplets of liquid are less contagious than those transferred in very small droplets, aka airborne viruses, because bigger droplets respond to gravity and fall down way sooner than very small droplets that remain suspended in the air for a long, long time.

    Regarding the viral diseases I mentioned above, those with high R0’s-  there are effective vaccines for all thee, but none yet for SARS-Cov-2.

    -Summary and editing to continue later.

    anita

    • This reply was modified 2 weeks ago by anita.
    #362768
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    Worldometer (July 26): over 16 million cases and over 649 thousand deaths worldwide, roughly 16 millions cases and 0.65 million deaths worldwide. Roughly 4.3 million cases and 0.15 million (almost 150 thousand) deaths in the US. Most cases in the US, roughly 0.45 million, are in California, and most deaths occurred in New York, roughly 0.03 million deaths.

    msn. com/ en-us/ news/ us/ coronavirus country tops 1000 coronavirus deaths 4 days in a row as experts urge to shut down (Sunday, July 26):

    “models project that there will be up to 175,000 deaths linked to the virus by August 15, according to an ensemble forecast published  by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention… on Thursday, more than 150 prominent medical experts, scientists, teachers, nurses and other experts signed a letter urging leaders to shut the country down and start over to contain the rampant spread of the virus.

    “‘Right now, we are on a path to lose more than 200,000 American lives by November 1st. Yet, in many states people can drink in bars, get a haircut, eat inside a restaurant, get a tattoo, get a massage, and do myriad other normal, pleasant, but non-essential activities,’ the letter read, which was sent to the Trump administration, members of Congress and state governors”.

    anita

    #363255
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    Worldometer (July 30): over 17 million cases and over 673 thousand deaths worldwide.

    Over 4.6 million cases and over 154 thousand deaths in the US; almost 67 thousand new cases and almost 1.5 thousand deaths were reported yesterday in the US.

    Yesterday (July 29), over 10 thousand new cases were reported in California, almost 10 thousand cases were reported in Florida, and over 9 thousand new cases were reported in Texas. In each one of these three states, yesterday was a record high number of daily deaths during all of the pandemic: 195 new deaths in California, 216 new deaths in Florida, and 313 new deaths in Texas.

    There are over 2.5 million cases and over 90 thousand deaths in Brazil, a record high of over 70 thousand new cases and a record high of over 1.5 thousand new deaths were reported yesterday.

    There are over 1.6 million cases and over 35 thousand deaths in India, a record high of over 52 thousand cases were reported yesterday, and 779 deaths were reported yesterday.

    msn. com/ en- us/ health/ medical/ why some people who haven’t had covid-19 might already have some immunity (July 30): “The study, published in the journal Nature on Wednesday, found that among a sample of 68 healthy adults in Germany who had not been exposed to the coronavirus, 35% had T cells in their blood that were reactive to the virus. T cells are part of the immune system and help protect the body from infection. T cells reactivity suggests that the immune system might have had some previous experience fighting a similar infection and may use that memory to help fight a new infection.

    “So how could their immune system have reactive T cells if they never had Covid-19? They were ‘probably acquired in previous infections with endemic’ coronaviruses, the researchers- from various institutions in Germany and the United Kingdom- wrote in the new study. Using this T cell memory from another-yet-similar infection to respond to a new infection is called ‘cross- reactivity’…

    “So far during the coronavirus pandemic, much focus has been on Covid-19 antibodies and the role they play in building immunity against the disease. But infectious disease expert Dr. William Schaffner.. said that T cells can not be overlooked. ‘Here’s a study that suggests actually there may be some cross-reactivity.. with the normal conventional coronaviruses that cause common colds in humans..’…

    “‘SARS-Cov-2 is the seventh human coronavirus that has been discovered, and four of the human coronaviruses are what we call community-acquired coronaviruses, and together those four are responsible for 25% of our common colds.. almost every person in the world has had some encounter with a coronavirus, and since they are all part of the same family, there is some cross reactive immunity that develops”.

    anita

    • This reply was modified 1 week, 2 days ago by anita.
    #363355
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    Worldometer (July 31): over 17.5 million cases and over 678 thousand deaths worldwide. Over 4.6 million cases and over 155 thousand deaths in the US, over 68 thousand new cases and over 1.4 thousand new deaths were reported yesterday.

    Yesterday (July 30), Almost 10 thousand new cases were reported in Florida, over 8.8 thousand new cases were reported in Texas, and over 8.1 thousand new cases were reported in California.

    The following were reported for yesterday: a pandemic record high in Texas: 322 new deaths, a pandemic record high in Florida: 252 new deaths, and 114 new deaths were reported in California were reported .

    Over 2.6 million cases and over 91 thousand deaths in Brazil; over 1.6 million cases in India- a pandemic record high of almost 55 thousand new cases were added yesterday, and over 36 thousand deaths,  783 new deaths were added yesterday.

    msn. com/ en-us/ health/ medical/ us coronavirus cases on cusp of hitting 4-5 million (Friday, July 31): “Thirty six states had more deaths in the past week than they had the week prior.. On 11 of the past 14 days, more than 900 deaths have been reported across the U.S. On seven of those days, more than 1,000 deaths were reported… That has pushed the seven day average of deaths in the U.S. to 1,056…

    “Infections and fatalities continued to surge in California.. Florida.. has the second highest infection total in the U.S.. In New York, where cases exploded early in the pandemic, city officials on Thursday laid out the conditions that will force the temporary closure of a school building as schools prepare to open this fall. Schools will switch to distance learning if, for example, two students in different classrooms who get the virus have some link, like using a locker room at the same time.

    “But even as the city looks to reopen schools in the fall, regulators are struggling to get residents and businesses to adhere to social distancing guidelines. Authorities cited nearly 40 establishments in the city on Wednesday, half of which occurred at bars and restaurants in Manhattan, Gov. Andrew Cuomo said Thursday…

    “Outside the U.S., infection rates continued to rise in areas that had seen early success in containing the virus.. Vietnam reported 45 new coronavirus cases Friday, the highest single-day rise since the start of the pandemic… It has sparked serious concern in the country known for one of the fastest and fiercest government responses the coronavirus. Vietnam has recorded a total of 509 cases.

    “The British government announced new lockdown requirements across parts of northern England after an increase in coronavirus infections raised fears that another wave of contagion could arrive. More than 4 million people were ordered not to visit other people in their homes in the Greater Manchester area, along with areas of West Yorkshire and East Lancashire, though they could still visit pubs and go to work. Thursday’s move came after the U.K. announced its higher number of infections in more than a month. On Friday, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson expanded a requirement to wear masks in indoor pubic places.. He also delayed, until Aug. 15, plans to further ease restrictions on opening of more of the economy, including casinos and bowling alleys..

    “Indonesia, the world’s fourth most populous country, reported another 2,040 coronavirus infections Friday and 73 new deaths.. Kuwait, meanwhile, will allow citizens and some residents to travel in and out of the country beginning Saturday, nearly five months after it suspended all international passenger flights to slow the spread of the virus. The Gulf state is slowly reopening its economy..

    “Case numbers in Australia’s southeastern Victoria state remained high. Authorities reported on Friday 627 new cases- just shy of a new nationwide record of 723 that the state set the day before… China recorded 127 new confirmed cases… In the Indian financial capital of Mumbai, a city- commissioned study found that more than half of the residents of the city’s densely populated slums had been exposed to the coronavirus.. 57% of people in those areas had been exposed to the virus and developed antibodies. That was the case for only 16% of samples taken from outside the densely packed areas…

    “Tokyo on Friday reported 463 new cases, topping 400 for the first time, and Japan had a daily tally of more than 1,000 each day for the past two days as infections spread across the country. Hospitalizations and the number of seriously ill patients are also rising, officials said”.

    msn. com/ en-us/ news/ politics/ Fauci to tell house panel it is unclear how long coronavirus pandemic will last (July 31): “Anthony Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, on Friday is expected to tell a House panel on the coronavirus pandemic hat it is ‘unclear’ how long the crisis will last. Fauci is expected to urge lawmakers to embrace social distancing and mask-wearing, a public health guidance that has become a partisan issue across the country.”

    Another virus news: msn. com/ en-us/ health/ medical/ LA County announces 1st human cases of West Nile this season (July 31): “As people around the world deal with the coronavirus pandemic, Los Angeles County is reporting its first two human cases of West Nile virus this season. An older adult with no underlying health conditions was hospitalized with West Nile earlier this month and is now recovering. The second case was detected in late July in a healthy person identified as a blood donor… The virus is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito, and health officials are warning residents to take preventative steps such as disposing of standing water that can attract the insects

    Wikipedia on the West Nile Virus: “In humans, West Nile virus can cause a disease known as West Nile fever. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 80% of infected people have few to no symptoms, around 20% of people develop mild symptoms (such as fever, headache, vomiting, or a rash), and less than 1% of people develop severe symptoms (such as encephalitis- inflammation of the brain, or meningitis- acute inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and the spinal chord, with associated neck stiffness, confusion, or seizures)… The risk of death among patients with nervous system symptoms is about 10%. Recovery may take weeks to months. Risks for severe disease include age over 60 and other health problems… While there is no specific treatment, pain medications may be useful…

    “All ages are equally likely to be infected but there is a higher amount of death.. in people 60-89 years old. People of older age are more likely to have adverse effects of being infected… Despite the commercial availability of 4 veterinary vaccines for horses, no human vaccine has progressed beyond phase 2 clinical trials… The best method to reduce the risk of infections is avoiding mosquito bites. This may be done by eliminating standing pools of water.. Mosquito repellent, window screens, mosquito nets, and avoiding areas where mosquitoes occur may also be useful.”

    anita

    #363526
    anita
    Participant

    Dear Reader:

    Worldometer (August 2): over 18 million cases and getting close to 700 thousand deaths worldwide. Getting close to 5 million cases and (closer to) 160 thousand deaths are in the U.S., more than 58 thousand cases and over a thousand deaths reported yesterday.

    Yesterday (Aug 1), over 9.6 thousand new cases and 179 new deaths were reported in Florida; almost 7.4 thousand new cases and 137 new deaths were reported in California, and over 6.7 thousand new cases and 268 new deaths were reported in Texas.

    * New York State, the previous epicenter of the pandemic in the US and in the world, reported 643 new cases and 11 new deaths yesterday, its daily new cases and daily new deaths graphs flattened (but.. what goes down, can go up).

    In Brazil, more than 42.5 thousand new cases and 1,048 new deaths were reported yesterday; more than 54.8 thousand new cases and 852 new deaths were reported in India.

    * Italy, the previous world epicenter of the pandemic reported 295 new cases and 5 new deaths yesterday, its daily new cases and daily new deaths graphs flattened (but.. what goes down, can go up).

    Australia reported 377 new cases (721 new cases on July 30 was the record high) and 4 new deaths (13 new deaths on July 30 was the record high).

    msn. com/ en-us/ news/ world/ Australia’s second biggest city has implemented a curfew and banned people from going more than 3 miles of their home after a spike in coronavirus infections (August 2):

    “Melbourne, Australia’s second biggest city, has gone into stage- four lockdown after reporting a new spike of coronavirus infections. The new lockdown restrictions include an overnight curfew from 8 p.m. to 5 a.m. and banning residents from travelling more than 3 miles (5km) from their home. The curfew and new lockdown measures will remain in place until at least September 13… Under the new restrictions, Melbourne residents will only be allowed to go shopping for essentials and exercise within 3 miles of their home. Exercise outside the home will be restricted to once a day, for one hour at a time… all restaurants,  bars, shops, and gyms in Victoria will have to close again starting Thursday.”

    My comment: New York State reported 643 new cases and 11 new deaths yesterday; Australia reported 377 new cases and 4 new deaths yesterday (721 new cases and 13 new deaths on July 30), and yet New York State’s graphs of new cases and deaths are flattened for a long while and it appears, looking at these graphs,  that NY is doing well.

    On the other hand, looking at Australia’s new cases and new deaths graphs, both having peaked July 30, it looks like Australia, in comparison to NY is doing badly.  But if you look at the numbers, Australia, at its pandemic record high July 30, had only 78 more cases than NY had yesterday.

    It is a matter of relativity: relative to California, Florida, Texas and other states, New York State is doing very well. Looking at NY from  an Australian perspective, New York is doing badly and requires the regional shut down that was just decided upon in part of Australia. But currently, in NY, there are no curfews, no stay at home orders.

    Local governments within the U.S and federal governments, U.S. and others around the world respond very differently to the same numbers of cases and deaths, much of the difference has  to do with politics, which brings me to the next item-

    msn. com/ en-us/ news/ politics/ wrong Trump slams Fauci over testimony on Covid-19 surge (Aug 1):

    “President Donald Trump publicly rebuked Dr. Anthony Fauci on Saturday, forcefully rejecting the nation’s top infectious disease expert’s testimony on why the U.S. has experienced a renewed surge in coronavirus cases. ‘Wrong!’ Trump wrote in a retweet of a video where Fauci explained to a House subcommittee that the U.S. has seen more cases than European countries because it  only shut down a fraction of its economy amid the pandemic. ‘We have more cases because we have tested far more than any other country.. If we tested less, there would be less cases.’ the president added.. Trump repeatedly claimed that the U.S. has a higher amount of cases because it tests more than any country, contradicting officials in his own administration and confounding public health experts… The president has previously retweeted posts calling for Fauci’s firing, and allies of Trump, including top trade adviser Peter Navarro, have publicly attacked him in a smear campaign”.

    My comment: Fauci graduated first in his class as a Doctor of Medicine in 1966. In 2003, the following was stated about his work from 1983-2002 in the Institute of Scientific Information: “Fauci was the 13th most-cited scientists among the 2.5 million authors in all disciplines throughout the world who published articles in scientific journals.”. He received 20 awards and honors from 1979 to 2018,  Honorary Doctor of Science, National Medal of Science, and others.

    Trump is arguing science with Fauci. Trump is a man of very low intelligence and education- he can hardly spell, hardly reads, often can’t speak clearly. It wouldn’t be so bad if a man with his limitations would ask for/ allow help from people who are intelligent and educated.

    But Trump is on the extreme end of the humility continuum:  he is very arrogant and a bully. So, he attacks scientists and Fauci, a scientist of decades long success and excellent reputation. He repeats the same nonsensical claim: that the U.S. has more cases of infections than other countries because it tests more. True, the U.S. is a big country and the U.S. had conducted more Covid-19 tests than any other country. But the U.S. also has more Covid-19 deaths than any other country: getting close to 160,000 deaths. Trump, in his very limited scientific understanding, is stuck on the number of cases detected, ignoring the fact that a higher number of cases means a higher number of deaths (and health complications in those who recover).

    In summary: the U.S. is run by an unintelligent, uneducated, arrogant, dishonest bully who argues against and attacks a very intelligent, educated, humble, honest nice man, Fauci.

    anita

     

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